British RuleThe Acadians lived 80 years in Acadia until the conquest of Acadia in 1710 by the British. They lived under the British rule for the next forty-five years. During the French and Indian War, the British and New England legislators believed that the Acadians were aiding the French, which led to the Great Expulsion of 1755-1764. During this time the British forced approximately 11,500 Acadians from their homes and land, killing one-third of their population with either disease or drowning.